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Linux内核make命令选项

2012年5月28日 发表评论 阅读评论 10,260 次浏览

升级Linux内核的操作已经变得很简单,基本的几个命令即可搞定:make menuconfig、make、make modules、make modules_install、make install。除了这几个常用选项,make命令还有另外的几个选项对于我们也是十分有帮助,在内核源码树目录下执行make help可以看到这些选项,不过下面还是介绍几个我认为比较有用的选项:
1,make V=1,这个选项能显示出编译过程中的详细信息,即是verbose编译模式,在之前的《显示make编译信息》文章里曾介绍过修改makefile来达到这个目的,但make V=1更简单方便,而make V=0或直接make(V=0是默认值)则是quiet编译模式,只会显示出简单的编译信息。

[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make V=1

2,make dir/:指定编译目标,编译指定的某个目录:

[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make drivers/scsi/

3,make dir/file.ko:指定编译目标,编译指定的某个模块:

[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make drivers/net/igb/igb.ko

4,make dir/file.[ois]:指定编译目标,编译指定的某个文件为目标文件、头文件展开文件、汇编文件:

[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o
[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make drivers/net/igb/igb_main.i
[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make drivers/net/igb/igb_main.s

5,make checkstack:函数栈静态检查
6,make includecheck:头文件重复静态检查
最后看下命令make help执行的显示信息:

[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# make help
Cleaning targets:
  clean		  - Remove most generated files but keep the config and
                    enough build support to build external modules
  mrproper	  - Remove all generated files + config + various backup files
  distclean	  - mrproper + remove editor backup and patch files

Configuration targets:
  config	  - Update current config utilising a line-oriented program
  menuconfig	  - Update current config utilising a menu based program
  xconfig	  - Update current config utilising a QT based front-end
  gconfig	  - Update current config utilising a GTK based front-end
  oldconfig	  - Update current config utilising a provided .config as base
  silentoldconfig - Same as oldconfig, but quietly
  randconfig	  - New config with random answer to all options
  defconfig	  - New config with default answer to all options
  allmodconfig	  - New config selecting modules when possible
  allyesconfig	  - New config where all options are accepted with yes
  allnoconfig	  - New config where all options are answered with no

Other generic targets:
  all		  - Build all targets marked with [*]
* vmlinux	  - Build the bare kernel
* modules	  - Build all modules
  modules_install - Install all modules to INSTALL_MOD_PATH (default: /)
  firmware_install- Install all firmware to INSTALL_FW_PATH
                    (default: $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware)
  dir/            - Build all files in dir and below
  dir/file.[ois]  - Build specified target only
  dir/file.ko     - Build module including final link
  modules_prepare - Set up for building external modules
  tags/TAGS	  - Generate tags file for editors
  cscope	  - Generate cscope index
  kernelrelease	  - Output the release version string
  kernelversion	  - Output the version stored in Makefile
  headers_install - Install sanitised kernel headers to INSTALL_HDR_PATH
                    (default: /usr/src/linux-2.6.30/usr)

Static analysers
  checkstack      - Generate a list of stack hogs
  namespacecheck  - Name space analysis on compiled kernel
  versioncheck    - Sanity check on version.h usage
  includecheck    - Check for duplicate included header files
  export_report   - List the usages of all exported symbols
  headers_check   - Sanity check on exported headers
  headerdep       - Detect inclusion cycles in headers

Kernel packaging:
  rpm-pkg         - Build both source and binary RPM kernel packages
  binrpm-pkg      - Build only the binary kernel package
  deb-pkg         - Build the kernel as an deb package
  tar-pkg         - Build the kernel as an uncompressed tarball
  targz-pkg       - Build the kernel as a gzip compressed tarball
  tarbz2-pkg      - Build the kernel as a bzip2 compressed tarball

Documentation targets:
 Linux kernel internal documentation in different formats:
  htmldocs        - HTML
  pdfdocs         - PDF
  psdocs          - Postscript
  xmldocs         - XML DocBook
  mandocs         - man pages
  installmandocs  - install man pages generated by mandocs
  cleandocs       - clean all generated DocBook files

Architecture specific targets (x86):
* bzImage      - Compressed kernel image (arch/x86/boot/bzImage)
  install      - Install kernel using
                  (your) ~/bin/installkernel or
                  (distribution) /sbin/installkernel or
                  install to $(INSTALL_PATH) and run lilo
  fdimage      - Create 1.4MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)
  fdimage144   - Create 1.4MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)
  fdimage288   - Create 2.8MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)
  isoimage     - Create a boot CD-ROM image (arch/x86/boot/image.iso)
                  bzdisk/fdimage*/isoimage also accept:
                  FDARGS="..."  arguments for the booted kernel
                  FDINITRD=file initrd for the booted kernel

  i386_defconfig           - Build for i386
  x86_64_defconfig         - Build for x86_64

  make V=0|1 [targets] 0 => quiet build (default), 1 => verbose build
  make V=2   [targets] 2 => give reason for rebuild of target
  make O=dir [targets] Locate all output files in "dir", including .config
  make C=1   [targets] Check all c source with $CHECK (sparse by default)
  make C=2   [targets] Force check of all c source with $CHECK

Execute "make" or "make all" to build all targets marked with [*] 
For further info see the ./README file
[root@localhost linux-2.6.30]# 

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  1. 2012年7月14日15:30 | #1

    《Linux Kernel in a Nutshell》里有介绍,可以参考一下:http://www.kroah.com/lkn/

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